Language – Paper 2 -Transcripts

Yay!! So, I’ve put up all my notes for paper 1 of Language AS and I’m no doing paper 2. I will be doing paper 2 from now on, so anything before is paper 1 for clarification. Paper 2 is split up as:

Section A: – Language diversity (30 marks)

An essay in language diversity, with a choice of two questions. Topics are below, but information from Paper 1 in also needed to be shown within your writing. A small amount of data is provided as a springboard.

Section B: – Language discourse (40 marks)

A directed writing task on attitudes to language. Stimulus is provided. Topics will be different from the two questions asked in Section A and you are expected to write to a specific brief, not a formal essay.

I hope that makes sense and this post helps 🙂


  • All lower case except for names and the pronoun “I”.
  • Normal punctuation not used:
    • Short pauses = (.)
    • Longer pauses = (2); number is the amount of seconds
    • Two speakers speaking at once = (/) or (//)
    • Actions = [ ] or italics
    • Stressed syllables = underlining
    • High volume = CAPITALS
    • Inaudible = [inaud]
  • Interlocutor – participant in dialogue or speech
  • Tenor – relationship to someone
  • Phatic – general socialising, chitchat
  • Discourse – conversation/dialogue

Spontaneous speech


  • Vocabulary
    • Less formal than in written text
    • Use of slang, connotations and colloquialisms e.g. “tenner” rather than “ten pound note”.
  • Phatic expression
    • Social grooming e.g. “How are you?”
  • Deictic expressions
    • Expressions that cannot be understood unless you know the context of the utterance e.g. use of pronouns, or propositions.


  • Interrupted constructions
    • “Shall we-” – “Would you like to have lunch now?
  • Disjointed construction
    • “He knows about cars – what’s the price of that second-hand car?”
  • Incomplete constructions or ellipsis
    • “You out tonight then or…?”

Non-fluency features

  • An essential part of speech.
  • Fillers – “sort of”, “I mean”, “you know”, and “kind of”.
  • Filled pause – “umm” or “err”.
  • Repetition – either single words or several in a sequence.
  • False start – see interrupted constructions.

Done! I hope it was useful, it was super short anyway but that’s a good thing. In a test, this is just the basic stuff and the rest is just basic analysis which someone doing AS will know anyway so it’s all good.

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