Language – Grammar

 

Something fun for the evening – yay!


Grammar

Sentences can be very simple or very complicated. There a five types of sentences – minor, simple, compound, complex and compound-complex.

  1. Minor sentences are complete and meaningful statements that don’t have a subject or verb combination, like ‘be quiet’, ‘goodbye’ or ‘sounds good’.
  2. A simple sentence must have a subject and a verb. It must express a complete thought, like ‘the girl jumps’. ‘girl’ is the subject, ‘jumps’ is the verb.
  3. A compound sentence is an independent clause linked to another independent clause by a coordinating conjunction. Either one could be a main clause in a different sentence.
  4. A complex sentence consists of a main clause and a subordinating clause (or clauses). A subordinating conjunction connects the clauses together.
  5. A compound-complex sentence is made up of at least two coordinating clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction, and at least one subordinating clause.

Structure

The structure of sentences tells you about the target audience. The length and complexity of sentences can be varied according to the context and audience of a text. Writers are able to create different moods and tones depending on the type of sentences they use. A more complex sentence makes a more measured and serious tone, and a relatively simple sentence is more emotive and subjective.

You can classify sentences by function

  1. Declaratives – are statements that give information.
  2. Imperatives – gives orders, instructions, advice and directions. They start with a main verb and don’t have a subject (‘go left and its first on your right’).
  3. Interrogatives – ask questions. Some questions are formed by swapping around the verb and subject of a sentence. They can also be added to the end of a statement – ‘it’s cold, isn’t it’. These are tag questions.
    In spoken discourse, you can turn declarative statements into questions using stress and intonation. This is called a rising inflation – ‘he will get better?
  4. Exclamations – they have an expressive function – they convey the force of a statement, and end with an exclamation mark.

And there you have it, however pink it is – this one has a lot of important information, so a lot of highlighting I’m afraid. Anyway, I hope you enjoyed it, please like and share it so more people can get their revision help, and also to support me in doing this. Thank you to those that have been reading and liking!

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